• Acronyme :
  • Référence :
  • Domaine de recherche :
    Sciences de l'homme et de la société
  • Région :
  • Site :
  • Responsable du projet :
    Beyries Sylvie

EThnoArchaeology of Plant use and exploitation by Arctic and subarctic Societies

The nature of this proposal is ethnoarchaeological. It aims at appreciating the importance and the variability of the exploitation modalities of the plant biomass by human groups in Arctic and subarctic environments (craft activities, fuel, etc.). In prehistory, in the study of the material cultures, the very great scarcity and the deterioration of plant remains lead to a systematic undervaluation of the importance of plants in the material but also symbolical record. This proposal aims at developing and testing methodologies allowing to interpret these often fugacious remains in environmental, but also societal terms (vegetation, techniques, lifeways, subsistence, etc.). The final objective is to understand the place of plant resource management systems in the material and symbolic world of societies, to evaluate their archaeological visibility and to start a reflection on the role of plants and vegetal landscapes in the cultural identity of the groups. In order to consider variability factors, the first fieldworks take place in taiga environments and will be followed by investigation in the tundra.. Fieldwork is articulated with ongoing Russian ethnoarchaeological and archaeological research programs.