At opposite ends of the Earth, the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast areas covered in ice. Yet the the two regions are very different.
In the North, the Arctic is a frozen ocean encircled by inhabited lands, whereas to the South, the Antarctic is a continent covered with a thick ice cap, surrounded by a daunting ocean where the only inhabitants are a restricted number of scientists stationed there.
The subantarctic islands are remote and their climates extremely harsh. Scattered around the Antarctic continent, which since 1959 has been recognized as a “Land of Science and Peace”. They are dependent on a number of different countries.