Peoples of the Arctic

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The human populations known as the “Arctic” peoples (including the Inuit, Sami and Évenks) have developed ways of life very well adapted to harsh living conditions (very cold climate, sparse vegetation, the polar night and so on). Although these peoples are spread over an immense surface area, and their populations reach only small numbers, their clothes, tools, techniques, social organization and cultural features show striking similarities, whether they are from Siberia, the far north of Europe or Arctic America. Nevertheless, these peoples do show way-of-life differences such as sedentarization/nomadization, hunting/animal husbandry, the species used depending on their location, their relations with the other peoples, etc.